Vad säger socialpsykologisk forskning om terrorism?
Sju studier – några klassiska och några nyare – och deras implikationer för arbete med att motverka politisk och religiös extremism. T.ex. om hur identitet påverkar viljan att offra sig för kollektivets skull och vilka motåtgärder som kan fungera:
”But claims that those who commit such acts are either hole-in-one psychopaths or brainwashed dissidents miss the fundamental psychological element that leads them to mass murder.”
”For some people, the usual process of identifying with a group devolves into a kind of transcendent state—one in which their individual sense of cognitive, emotional and moral agency becomes totally immersed with the prevailing imperatives of the collective. They become depersonalized to the point that they see suicide as an act of self-salvation of their fused-group self.”
”The central message for policy makers and other professionals is that identifying such personalities and developing intervention programs—through schools and counselors and within our organizational and institutional structures—designed to unfuse self-identities or prevent fusion in the first place could significantly reduce the risk of political or religious martyrdom.”